Vandaag maak ik het plaatje af tot einde WW2. Het begint in 1930 met de 1e horloge fabriek tot vlak na WW2. In deze periode werden voornamelijk horloges gemaakt met machines die waren overgenomen uit de failliete inboedel van de Amerikaanse horlogemaker Dueben Hampden uit Ohio. De 2e Moscow Watch Factory begon en gebruikte veelal onderdelen van de 1e Moscow Watch Factory. Door de oorlog werden beide fabrieken geëvacueerd waardoor 2 nieuwe fabrieken achter de Oeral gebergte werden opgestart.
Ik hoop dat jullie het mij vergeven dat ik nu overschakel naar het Engels. De volgende tekst heb ik een keer geschreven voor het WUS forum en om deze nu in zijn geheel te vertalen…
Kirov “Saucepan” Type-1 – History
Interesting to know is that these watches where first for both the civil and military dial marked and had different dial logo’s during the first years. Most later produced watches do not have a logo on the dial.
Since the start of the 1st SWF in 1930 - in 1935 renamed to 1st SWF-Kirov and in 1943 to 1st MWF - they produced saucepan watches in both 7j and 15j versions. The 1st MWF didn’t made any of those watches anymore after their evacuation in 1941. So the last 1st MWF Kirovskie watches have a date stamp 41-3.
In the 4th quarter 1941 (41-4) the factory was evacuated to Zlatoust (ЗЧЗ - Zlatoust Watch Factory). During the war years they used already produced parts which were made earlier in Moscow. After the war the Zlatoust Watch Factory continued producing watches. According to Alan Garret’s website the Zlatoust Watch Factory used a movement logo in 1951 for the first time, the latest movement year stamp was 57-4.
The 2nd MWF started fully producing “saucepan” watches in 1936. Before that year the 2nd MWF produced saucepan watches using parts made in the 1st SWF (including their movement stamp). In the 4th quarter 1941, when all the equipment of the 2nd MWF was moved east, a temporary factory called 53 (5 Завод) started with equipment from the evacuated 2nd MWF. They used the movement stamp 53 (production years 1942 - 1946). If this factory was temporarily aside of the Chistopol factory (1942, later renamed to Wostok) or the Chistopol factory (AKA Tschistopolsky) came out of this temporary factory 53, is unknown. Collector Mark Gordon wrote: “After the war, the factory became or was merged into the ‘Tschistopol Glavpribor Watch Factory NK MV 835’ (what happened is not totally clear) which went on to produce Vostok watches”. Also according to collector Mark Gordon, the Paratrooper version (the one with a rare black dial) was produced here during the years 1945-1950. This watch has no movement logo.
So we 5 different factories who produced the Kirovskie “saucepan” watch. One of those 5 was a temporally factory called 53. To recognize which factory, you can check the logo/marks on the movement. Movement photo’s can be found here: http://www.netgrafik.ch/russian_logos.htm
Warning: some movements have no marks.These are probably produced during WW2, sometimes even with rejected parts due to a shortage of watches.
Alan Garret’s website about Dueben Hampen and the link to the 1st MWF: http://hampdenwatches.blogspot.co.uk/